All international projectsthat use smartcards in Finland, England, Québec, France (Sesam Vitale), Belgium, Germany, have been unable to offer the foreseen functionalities.
The constant reasonof this failure is that none of these projects is able to guarantee the respect of individual privacy.
FASE architecture perfectly solves this problembecause
all data are stored anonymously, whithout any structural link,
all accesses to ODB are done via virtual identifiers dynamically calculated at each consultation with and from the electronic identifier (such as smartcard).